The word for ‘long vowel’ is written in Traditional Chinese/Japanese, with furigana written above it.

For speakers of both Mandarin and Japanese and for linguistic enthusiasts, there is a general guideline regarding long vowels in Japanese Sino-Japanese vocabulary.

Examples

公園

English Translation: park

Mandarin Pronunciation: gong1yuan2

Japanese Pronunciation: こうえん (kōen)

警察

English Translation: police

Mandarin Pronunciation: jing3cha2

Japanese Pronunciation: けいさつ (kēsatsu)

上司

English Translation: boss

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